Fire and fire safety tips at home

Posted on 29 September 2023

Feuer- und Brandschutztips fürs Zuhause.Introduction

Fire and fires are hazards that can affect any household. Therefore, it is of great importance to take precautions to protect your home from fires and to act properly in case of an emergency. In this article, you will learn important fire and fire safety tips to make your home safer.

The importance of fire and fire safety in your own home

Fire and fire safety measures are critical to protecting the lives and property of residents. Fires can quickly get out of control and cause serious damage. Many fires can be prevented, or at least fought early, through preventive measures and proper behavior in the event of an emergency.

Fire prevention: Take preventive measures

Fire prevention is the first step to minimizing the risk of a fire in your home. Here are some important steps you can take:

Install smoke detectors

Smoke detectors are essential for early warning of a fire. Install at least one smoke detector on each floor of your home or apartment. Make sure smoke detectors are regularly maintained and batteries are replaced in a timely manner.

Check electrical appliances

Electrical appliances can be a cause of fire if they are defective or overloaded. Regularly check all electrical appliances for damage and make sure outlets and extension cords are not overloaded. Keep cords away from heat sources and turn off unneeded appliances to reduce the risk of short circuits. According to Statista, electrical appliances are the biggest cause of home fires in Germany at 28%.

Reduce fire loads

Fire loads are combustible materials that can fuel fires. Keep your living spaces free of highly flammable materials such as stacks of paper, curtains or furniture that are too close to heat sources. Also, be careful not to store flammable liquids near open flames or heat sources.

Fire protection: measures in case of emergency

Despite all precautions, a fire can still happen. Here are some important steps you should take in case of an emergency:

Establish and mark escape routes

Every household should have clear escape routes that can be used in the event of a fire. Make sure escape routes are free of obstructions and clearly marked. Discuss the escape plan with your family and practice regularly so you can act calmly and purposefully in the event of an emergency.

Have fire extinguishers ready

A fire extinguisher is a valuable tool for fighting minor fires yourself before they get out of control. Make sure you have an appropriate fire extinguisher in your home and that you know how to use it properly. Keep in mind, however, that in the event of a major fire, call 911 immediately rather than fighting the fire yourself.

Behavior in case of fire

In the event of a fire, it is important to remain calm and act properly. Close all doors behind you to slow the spread of smoke and flames. Use pre-established escape routes and avoid contact with smoke. Get as close to the ground as possible, as the air quality is better there. Once you are safe, immediately notify the fire department about the fire.

Fire protection for different areas of the home

Fire safety should be considered in every area of your home. Here are some specific tips for important areas:

Fire safety in the kitchen

The kitchen is an area where fires occur frequently. Therefore, pay special attention to the following aspects:

Handling open fires

Never leave the kitchen when you have stove tops or the oven on. Supervise cooking and use appropriate safety measures such as splash guards and potholders.

Avoid overheated oils and fats

Overheated oils and fats can be highly flammable. Make sure temperatures are controlled when cooking and that oils and fats are not heated above their smoke point.

Use electrical appliances properly

Make sure electrical appliance cords are not near heat sources and that appliances are used properly.

Fire protection in the bedroom

Fire safety measures should also be taken in the bedroom to ensure safety:

  • Install smoke detectors in the bedroom: Since fires often start at night, it is important to have a working smoke detector in the bedroom.
  • Charge electronic devices properly: Make sure laptops, cell phones and other electronic devices are not placed under pillows or blankets while charging, as this can cause overheating.
  • Use candles safely: use candles responsibly and make sure they are placed on non-flammable surfaces. Never leave burning candles unattended.

Fire safety in the basement

The basement is often an area where flammable materials are stored. Therefore, follow these tips for fire safety:

  • Storing flammable materials: keep the basement free of excessively flammable materials such as old newspapers or chemicals. Properly store flammable materials in fireproof containers.
  • Safe electrical installations in the basement: regularly inspect electrical installations in the basement for damage and make sure there are no overloaded outlets or wires.
  • Have heating system serviced regularly: A properly maintained heating system minimizes the risk of fires in the basement. Have your heating system inspected and cleaned regularly.

Proper behavior in the event of a fire

In the event of a fire, it is critical to respond properly and keep yourself and others safe. Here are important steps you should follow:

The emergency call

  • Have important information ready to call 911: Have important information, such as your exact address and the nature of the emergency, ready when you make the emergency call. Give clear and concise answers to the emergency personnel’s questions.
  • Stay calm and give clear information: Try to remain calm and give clear information. The more precise your information, the faster and more effectively the fire department can respond.

Behavior in case of fire

  • Close doors and use escape routes: Close all doors between you and the fire to slow the spread of smoke and flames. Use pre-established escape routes to safely exit the building.
  • Avoid Smoke and Breathe Deeply Squatting: Try to avoid smoke by moving as close to the ground as possible. Breathe while squatting deeply, as smoke concentrations are lower near the ground.
  • Inform fire department upon arrival: Once you are safe, inform the fire department of your presence and any people still in the building.

Maintenance and regular inspection

Regular maintenance of safety-related equipment and appliances is critical to effective fire protection. Keep the following aspects in mind:

Smoke detectors and fire extinguishers

  • Check for proper operation: Regularly check the functionality of your smoke detectors and fire extinguishers. Test the alarm functions of smoke detectors and make sure fire extinguishers are operational.
  • Change batteries regularly: Change the batteries in your smoke alarms according to the manufacturer’s recommendations to ensure they are always operational.

Electrical systems and equipment

  • Regular inspections and maintenance: Have your electrical systems and appliances inspected regularly by a professional to detect potential defects or overloads early.
  • Avoid overloads: Make sure your electrical systems and equipment are not overloaded. Use suitable multiple sockets and distribute the load evenly.

Protect valuables from fire

The importance of keeping valuable items safe in the midst of a home fire is undeniable. In such emergencies, when escape is a priority, the loss of valuable mementos or important documents could be devastating.

This is where renting a safe deposit box comes into play. With secure off-site storage, you can ensure that your most valuable possessions are protected, even if your home is threatened by flames. Our high-security safes provide a reliable place to safely store important items like jewelry, documents, and electronic storage devices.

While fire protection ensures your safety, a safe deposit box provides an additional layer of protection for your valuable belongings.


Fire protection in your home is of utmost importance to protect the lives and property of your residents. Many fires can be prevented by taking preventative measures such as installing smoke detectors, checking electrical appliances and reducing fire loads. In the event of an emergency, it is important to take the proper steps to keep yourself and others safe. Regular maintenance of safety-related equipment and appliances is also essential to maintain the effectiveness of fire protection.

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